Kirkkopuisto (HM136M)

Location: 00190
Country: Finland
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N 60° 8.867', E 24° 59.226'

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Kyrkparken - Church Park

— [Suomenlinna Sea Fortress] —

[Text in Finnish:] ...
[Text in Swedish:] ...

[Text in English:]
The crownwork (1) comprises the southern flank of an ambitious plan for a public square originally drawn up by Augustin Ehrensvard. The foundation stone was laid on June 8, 1775, by King Gustav III of Sweden. On its external side, the crownwork was designed to form an imposing greystone defensive wall, but its casemates and wings were used for naval shipyard workshops, a sail-making shop, storerooms and offices for the naval command. In 1855, during the Crimean War, the building was badly damaged in bombardments, and the top two floors of the wings were never rebuilt. Today, the crownwork Ehrensvard houses rooms for conferences and other events, a daycare centre, an office and flats.

Another part of the original plans (5) actually realized was a residential building for officers' families called 'Noah's Ark' (2). Its Baroque-inspired external architecture is exceptionally handsome for Suomenlinna, though the curious flat roof surrounded by an ornamental balustrade shown in A.E. Gete's original plans was never built. This was one of the first multi-storey residential buildings in Finland and is still lived in.

The Russian garrison church (3) was completed in 1854 on the site indicated in the Swedish-era plan. With its five cupolas and Byzantine-Russian style, it became a highly conspicuous new landmark. When Finland gained independence, all the church's Orthodox trappings and stylistic features were removed. The lighthouse in the tower has guided air and sea traffic ever since the 1920s. Today, the church is popular for weddings.

Church Park (4) was laid out in the 1850s and is gradually being extended to form a more open formal Baroque-style garden.

[Aerial photo of Mustasaari Island with landmarks near Church Hill outlined and numbered]? Suomenlinna
HM NumberHM136M
Historical PeriodOther
Historical PlaceChurch/House of Worship, Military Installation
Marker TypeHistoric Structure
Marker ClassHistorical Marker
Marker StyleInterpretative Marker / Sign
Placed ByUNESCO World Heritage Convention
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 24th, 2014 at 6:36pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)35V E 388237 N 6669572
Decimal Degrees60.14778333, 24.98710000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 60° 8.867', E 24° 59.226'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds60° 8' 52.0200" N, 24° 59' 13.5600" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Can be seen from road?No
Is marker in the median?No
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Pikku-Mustan silta, 00190, FI
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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