Meeting of Nations

Meeting of Nations (HM1436)

Location: Fort Smith, AR 72901 Sebastian County
Country: United States of America
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N 35° 23.305', W 94° 25.789'

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The Fort Smith Council was held in this building in September 1865. To establish relations following the Civil War, delegates of twelve Indian nations met with President Andrew Johnson's representatives. Bitterly divided, Indians had fought for both sides in the war, but the United States now treated them all as defeated enemies. Tribes were told their rights had been forfeited, their slaves must be freed, and their property could be confiscated.

The Council ended with little resolved. Not expecting to sign treaties, and concerned that tribal sovereignty was at stake, the Indians simply pledged allegiance to the United States. A year later Washington, D.C., tribes signed separate treaties with the federal government.
HM NumberHM1436
Placed ByFort Smith National Historic Site National Park Services, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 7:00am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 370141 N 3917056
Decimal Degrees35.38841667, -94.42981667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 23.305', W 94° 25.789'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 23' 18.30" N, 94° 25' 47.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)501, 479
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 122 Rogers Ave, Fort Smith AR 72901, US
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