White Haven's Outbuildings

White Haven's Outbuildings (HM1456)

Location: St. Louis, MO 63123
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 33.125', W 90° 21.094'

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Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site

Operating this 850-acre farm required numerous outbuildings. These included a spring house built over the spring to provide a cool place for crocks of butter and cheese; a barn behind the main house for livestock such as cows, pigs, and sheep; and a lime kiln built along Gravois Creek to fertilize the pastures. The remaining two buildings before you serve as reminders of the work necessary to operate a self-sufficient farm.

Ice House
Preservation of perishable foods required construction of an ice house. Thick stone walls built into the side of the hill provided insulation and drainage, while a steep pitched roof with a louvered cupola vented out warm air. Large blocks of ice were cut from rivers and ponds in the winter and transported to the ice house. One room was packed solid with ice blocks layered with sawdust for additional insulation. Foods placed in the rooms were thereby preserved through mid-summer.

Chicken House
Chickens and eggs were an important source of food and income for White Haven's residents. Caring for chickens was usually the responsibility of women. Enslaved cook Mary Robinson had Grant's dog Leo help her catch chickens for dinners. Julia raised several special breeds as pets and later the caretaker's wife Sarah and her daughters earned about $400 a year selling chickens and eggs. The chicken house was moved to its present location by 1913.

Most farms kept at least fifty chickens on a half acre to produce enough eggs for family use and sale.

HM NumberHM1456
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 7th, 2014 at 4:49am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 730789 N 4270398
Decimal Degrees38.55208333, -90.35156667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 33.125', W 90° 21.094'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 33' 7.50" N, 90° 21' 5.64" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)314, 636
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 9060 Whitehaven Dr, St. Louis MO 63123, US
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