Galveston, C. S. A.

Galveston, C. S. A. (HM14CI)

Location: Galveston, TX 77550 Galveston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 19.084', W 94° 46.591'

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Most important Texas seaport during the Civil War. Had consulates of England, France and Spain and worldwide recognition as a cotton exporter. Set up defenses including 10 mud forts and gun batteries on beaches, at railroad depot and on Pelican Spit.

Continued shipping cotton in spite of Federal blockade which began in July 1861. Blockade runners used speed, shallow draft ships, wit and courage to escape the Federal ships and haul cotton to Nassau, Havana or Europe and return with guns, medicines and other goods essential to the Confederacy.

In Oct. 1862, lack of guns large enough to stop a Federal bombardment caused Gov. F. R. Lubbock to call for evacuation of civilians. The 42nd Massachusetts regiment occupied the city Dec. 25. A week later, Jan. 1, 1863, Confederates recaptured it with forces led by Gen. John B. Magruder, Col. Tom Green and Capts. Leon Smith and Henry Lubbock with "Horse Marines" (mounted Rangers) and "Cotton Clads" (ships walled in cotton bales with gun embrasures).

The Trans-Miss. Dept., last Confederate force to surrender, signed terms here June 2, 1865. Federal occupation on June 19 proclaimed Emancipation, and ex-slaves afterwards celebrated "Juneteenth."
HM NumberHM14CI
Marker Number7459_MARKER_
Year Placed1965
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 9th, 2014 at 11:00pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 327485 N 3244535
Decimal Degrees29.31806667, -94.77651667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 19.084', W 94° 46.591'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 19' 5.04" N, 94° 46' 35.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 715 N Holiday Dr, Galveston TX 77550, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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