L'Émergence du Christianisme

L'Émergence du Christianisme (HM1514)

Location: Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère, Aquitaine 24290 Dordogne
Country: France
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N 45° 0.58', E 1° 5.292'

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The Emergence of Christianity

Déjà au Ve siècle, sur le site d'une villa gallo-romaine, une première église se reflète dans les eaux de la rivière.
L'eau - mireir des bâtiments, réserve de pêche et voie de communication- est, à l'époque gallo-romaine, un élément décisif pour l'inplantation de la villa où, autour d'une cour,sont regroupées la maison d'habitation et les dépendances argricoles.
Celle de Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère,, contruite vers le IIIe ou le IVe siècle, s'étend du bord de la rivière jusqu'à l'actuelle place de l'église. On en a retrouvé les vestiges, en 1961, ainsi que les foundations d'une premiere église, probablement édifiée vers le Ve siecle. Des murs avec des moillons couverts d'enduits à fresques, une colonne de marbre et des tessons de céramiques ont été dégagés. Les materiaux romains de l'église antique furent sans doute réemployes jusque'au XIe siècle.
La nef, préromane, possède des bais à grand cintre qui dateraient de l'époque de Constantin, premier emperour romain à reconnaître le christianisme au IVe siècle.
Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère témoigne de la longue histoire de la chrétienté en Périgord. Avec la Révolution, commence le déclin de la pratique religieuse. Faute d'entretien, l'édifice est déjà fort délabré quand on le classe monument histoirque en 1942. Une absidiole s'écroule en janvier 1960; en octobre de la même année, une inondation ébranle dangereusement la construction.
Grâce a une intelligente restaurantion menée entre 1961 et 1966, cette église harmonieusement composée a retrouvé sa dignité.
[English]
The Emergence of Christianity
Water - a mirror for buildings, fishing preserve, and means of transportation - was, during the Gallo-Roman period, a decisive factor for chosing the spot to establish the villa where a house and agricultural outbuildings were grouped together around a courtyard.
Already in the 5th Century, on the site of a Gallo-Roman villa, the first church was reflected in the river's water. The villa of Sanit-Léon-sur-Vézère, built around the 3rd or 4th centuries A.D., stretched out along the river bank as far as the present church square. In 1961, vestiges and the foundations of the first probably built around the 5th Century, were discovered. Wall with rubble stone covered by a coating for frescos, a marble column, and ceramic shards have been unearthed. The Roman building materials of the ancient church were undoubtedly reused until the 11th Century.
The nave, from the pre-Romanesque period, has openings with large arches that date from the time of Constantine, the first Roman emporer to have accepted Christianity in the 4th Century.
Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère attests to the long history of Christianity in the Périgord. The decline of religious practice began with the French Revolution. Due to lack of upkeep the edifice was already badly dilapidated when it was classified as a national Historic Mounument in 1942. An absidiole crumbled in January 1960; a flood dangerously weakened the structure in October of the same year. Thanks to intelligent renovation work done between 1961 and 1966, this well-balanced church building recovered its former dignity.
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HM NumberHM1514
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 10:22am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31T E 349346 N 4985802
Decimal Degrees45.00966667, 1.08820000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 0.58', E 1° 5.292'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 0' 34.8000" N, 1° 5' 17.5200" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)276
Closest Postal AddressAt or near D66, Saint-Léon-sur-Vézère Aquitaine 24290, FR
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