Indian Treaties of 1865

Indian Treaties of 1865 (HM15J1)

Location: Park City, KS 67219 Sedgwick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 47.96', W 97° 20.164'

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In October 1865 hundreds of Plains Indians camped on these prairies to negotiate peace with U.S. government officials. Among them were Chiefs Black Kettle and Seven Bulls (Cheyennes), Little Raven and Big Mouth (Arapahos), Rising Sun and Horse's Back (Comanches), Poor Bear (Apache), and Satanta and Satank (Kiowas). Federal commissioners with great prestige among the Indians were General William S. Harney, Jesse H. Leavenworth, Christopher "Kit" Carson, and William Bent.

Both sides wanted to end hostilities on the Plains. The commissioners also hoped to reach an agreement that would make travel on the western trails safer and further restrict Indian lands. Native Americans sought unrestricted hunting grounds and reparation for the Sand Creek Massacre suffered the year before by Black Kettle's band.

The negotiations resulted in treaties that gave the Indians reservation lands south of the Arkansas River and denied them their hunting grounds north to the Platte River. Peace was proclaimed; however, the treaties were never ratified by the U.S. Congress and both sides later charged the other with violating the agreement, resulting in further conflict. There is a monument one mile west.
HM NumberHM15J1
Series This marker is part of the Kansas: Kansas Historical Society series
Marker Number64_MARKER_NU
Placed ByKansas State Historical Society & Kansas Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 1:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 646491 N 4184854
Decimal Degrees37.79933333, -97.33606667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 47.96', W 97° 20.164'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 47' 57.60" N, 97° 20' 9.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)316
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6283-6419 N Broadway St, Park City KS 67219, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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