Fort Boykin Historic Park

Fort Boykin Historic Park (HM16J)

Location: Smithfield, VA 23430 Isle of Wight County
Buy Virginia State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 37° 2.029', W 76° 37.071'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
The Warraskoyack Indians had a town south ofFort Boykin in the vicinity of Tormentor Creek andanother on Jones Creek near the mouth of thePagan River. John Smith stayed with them on his 1608mission to Powhatan's residence on the York River andon a similar mission the following year. The latter meetingwas fraught with tension.

By 1609, drought had withered the crops, and the Natives were wearyof English demands for food. A peace treaty and the marriage of Powhatan'sdaughter Pocahontas to John Rolfe in 1614 led to quieter times, during which the English expanded their holdings far beyond their agreement with Powhatan. In 1622, Powhatan's successor, Opechancanough, organized punitive attacks against the incursive settlements, which killed many colonists. He then withdrew, but the English responded withwarfare against all of the region's Indians.

A True Servant to the Country.
Fort Boykin began its role in American history in 1623 and since then has been involved in every military campaign fought on American soil. On May 11, 1623,Capt. Roger Smyth was commissioned to construct a fortification to protect the colonists against "Spaniards by sea and Indians by land." The steep cliff here, its commanding view of the James River and its naturally deep ditches made the site of Fort Boykin ideal. It was then christened The Castle.

During the RevolutionaryWar, Fort Boykin was refortifiedand renamed after Maj. FrancisBoykin, then serving on Gen.George Washington's staff. The fort was again used during the War of 1812.

The present earthworkfortification was constructed during the Civil War by the Confederate army betweenJune 1861 and May 1862. It was part of the system for blockingaccess to Richmond by river. The fort was captured by Union troops shortly after its completion and since then has remained essentially intact.

Capt. John Smith's Trail
John Smith knew the James River by its Algonquian name: Powhatan, the same as the region's paramount chief. Smith traveled the river many times between 1607 and 1609, trading with Virginia Indians to ensure survival at Jamestown. What he saw of Virginia's verdant woodlands and pristine waters inspired him to explore the greater Chesapeake Bay, chronicling its natural wonders. · Capt. John Smith's Trail on the James is a 40-site water trail and auto tour for modern explorers.
HM NumberHM16J
Marker Number35
Placed ByCaptain John Smith's Adventure on the James
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 4th, 2014 at 12:17am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 356108 N 4099847
Decimal Degrees37.03381667, -76.61785000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 2.029', W 76° 37.071'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 2' 1.74" N, 76° 37' 4.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 7400-7466 State Rte 705, Smithfield VA 23430, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?