John Smith Explores the Chesapeake

John Smith Explores the Chesapeake (HM1716)

Location: Vienna, MD 21869 Dorchester County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 29.125', W 75° 49.418'

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Inscription

Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail

Captain John Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. Smith and his crew sailed and rowed a primitive 30-foot boat nearly 3,000 miles, reaching as far north as the Susquehanna River.Although Smith did not discover gold, or a river passage to the Pacific, his precise map and detailed observations of American Indian societies and the abundant natural resources guided future explorers and settlers.

Native Inhabitants

At the time of Smith's explorations an estimated 50,000 American Indians dwelled in the Chesapeake region — as their ancestors had for thousands of years. Their sophisticated societies included arts and architecture, systems of government, extensive trade and communication networks, and shared spiritual beliefs. The native peoples hunted, fished, grew crops, and gathered food and raw materials from the land and waterways.

An Abundance of Life

Smith discovered a treasure trove of natural wonders in the Chesapeake region: thick forests of giant pines, oaks, and hickories; vast marshlands; huge turtles, 800-pound sturgeon, and great schools of shad and striped bass. Massive flocks of ducks geese, and swans darkened the sky; and enormous oyster reefs rose above the water's surface.
Details
HM NumberHM1716
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 8:38pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 428165 N 4259996
Decimal Degrees38.48541667, -75.82363333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 29.125', W 75° 49.418'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 29' 7.50" N, 75° 49' 25.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 110 Ocean Gateway, Vienna MD 21869, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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