By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District

By Ward Market Heritage Conservation District (HM179T)

Location: Ottawa, ON K1N 9C3 Ottawa Division
Country: Canada
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N 45° 25.631', W 75° 41.531'

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District de Conservation du Patrimoine du March? By

The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core of Bytown and later served the region's farming communities and the Ottawa Valley lumber industry, whose itinerant lumbermen gave the town its rowdy reputation. Over the next century the By Ward Market housed the businesses and institutions that served the area's Irish, French-Canadian and Jewish communities.

The By Ward Market District is characterized by a variety of building types. The substantial masonry buildings along both sides of Sussex Drive housed prominent businesses, while the more modest structures surrounding the Market Square held retail and agricultural supply stores. The area's inner courtyards contained warehouses and industrial workshops while the District's numerous hotels and taverns were centered along York, Clarence and Murray Streets.
La dense r?gion mar?cageuse, garnie de c?dres, qui deviendra l'emplacement du march? By fut ass?ch?e et d?bois?e en 1827 par le Lieutenant-Colonel John By, des Ing?nieurs Royaux, afin d'accueillir les ouvriers affect ? la construction du Canal Rideau. Le secteur devint rapidement le centre commercial de Bytown et desservit plus tard les communaut agricoles de le r?gion et l'industrie du bois de sciage de la Vall?e de l'Outaouais. C'est d'ailleurs aux b?cherons itin?rants que Bytown doit sa r?putation de ville malfam?e. Au cours de si?cle suivant, le march? By a abrit? les commerces et le institutions au service des communaut Irlandaise, Canadienne-Fran?aise et Juive.

Le district du march? By se caract?rise par la vari?t? de ses types d'immeubles, les imposantes constructions en ma?onnerie des deux c?t de la prom?nade Sussex ?taient occup?es par d'importantes entreprises, tandis qui les structures plus modestes entourant la place du march? accueillaient des commerces de d?tail et d'approvisionnement agricole. Les cours int?rieures abritaient des entrep?ts et des ateliers industriels, et les nombreux h?tels et tavernes du district ?taient concentr dans les rues York, Clarence et Murray.
HM NumberHM179T
Placed ByCity of Ottawa
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 12:41am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 445852 N 5030639
Decimal Degrees45.42718333, -75.69218333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 25.631', W 75° 41.531'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 25' 37.86" N, 75° 41' 31.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)908, 609
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 55 Byward Market Square, Ottawa ON K1N 9C3, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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