The Salton Sea

The Salton Sea (HM17D9)

Location: Mecca, CA 92254 Riverside County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 30.224', W 115° 54.893'

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Once connected to the Gulf of California, waters within the Salton Basin extended nearly to Palm Springs. Because of deposits from the silt laden Colorado River, the north end of the gulf (now in Imperial County) was sealed off and Lake Cahuilla was formed. Lake Cahuilla was considerably larger than the present day Salton Sea. Its ancient shoreline can still be seen on the hills west of the sea. After many thousands of years, Lake Cahuilla's waters receded leaving a dry lakebed. The Salton Sea was formed between 1905 and 1907. The Colorado River was tapped near Yuma, Arizona to allow irrigation waters to flow into the Imperial Valley. Storms and high waters washed through the canals and the river flowed almost unchecked into the Salton Basin. After much labor, mostly paid for by the Southern Pacific Railroad, the breech was closed in 1907. Water level within the sea is now maintained by agricultural runoff, inflow from the New, the Alamo and the Whitewater Rivers, and by rainfall. The sea is about 35 miles long by 15 miles wide. It has a maximum depth of 50 feet. Its salinity is slightly greater than the Pacific Ocean. The surface of the Salton Sea averages at 230 feet below sea level.
The Salton Sea Recreation Area
was dedicated
Apri 12, 1955
HM NumberHM17D9
Series This marker is part of the E Clampus Vitus series
Year Placed1996
Placed ByBilly Holcomb Chapter No. 1069, E Clampus Vitus in Cooperation with the State Department of Parks and Recreation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 1:44am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11S E 600789 N 3707660
Decimal Degrees33.50373333, -115.91488333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 30.224', W 115° 54.893'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 30' 13.44" N, 115° 54' 53.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)760
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100 State Park Rd, Mecca CA 92254, US
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