Civil War Signaling

Civil War Signaling (HM1AY4)

Location: Signal Mountain, TN 37377 Hamilton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 7.172', W 85° 22.012'

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— With flags and torches, signalmen passed the word —

When Confederate forces laid siege to Chattanooga in late September 1863, they cut off telegraph lines leading into the city. The Federals, in order to move messages from Chattanooga to their supply base in Bridgeport, Alabama, established a series of signal stations. One of those stations was here at Signal Point.

Messages relayed here from Bridgeport were flashed to Stringers Ridge (upriver to your left) and then on to Cameron Hill in the city. By this means, the Federals received news of reinforcements and supplies coming to their relief. When the siege was broken in late October, the signal stations diminished in importance.

The U.S. Army Signal Corps, established during the Civil War, operated the stations. Signals were sent by waving square flags or torches. Flag-waving patterns represented numbers. By using secret codes, number combinations could be translated into letters to form words. Observers used telescopes and binoculars for long-range viewing.
HM NumberHM1AY4
Placed ByChickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 11th, 2014 at 5:22am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 648815 N 3887519
Decimal Degrees35.11953333, -85.36686667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 7.172', W 85° 22.012'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 7' 10.32" N, 85° 22' 0.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1300 Cumberland Trail, Signal Mountain TN 37377, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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