The Montgomery Slave Trade/Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade

The Montgomery Slave Trade/Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade (HM1CAA)

Location: Montgomery, AL 36104 Montgomery County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 22.766', W 86° 18.659'

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Inscription
Side 1
The Montgomery Slave Trade

Montgomery had grown into one of the most prominent slave trading communities in Alabama by 1860. At the start of the Civil War, the city had a larger slave population than Mobile, New Orleans, or Natchez, Mississippi. Montgomery attracted a growing number of major slave traders whose presence dominated the city's geography and economy. The Montgomery probate office granted at least 164 licenses to slave traders operating in the city from 1848 to 1860. Slave trader's offices were located primarily along Commerce Street and Market Street (now Dexter Avenue). Over time, Montgomery became one of the most important and conspicuous slave trading communities in the United States. After the Alabama legislature banned free black people from residing in the state in 1833, enslavement was the only legally authorized status for African Americans in Montgomery.

Side 2
Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade

Commerce Street was central to the operation of Montgomery's slave trade. Enslaved people were marched in chains up the street from the riverfront and railroad station to the slave auction site or to local slave depots. Warehouses were critical to the city's slave trade. Slave traders confined enslaved people in warehouses until they could be sold during slave auctions. At 122 Commerce Street was a very large warehouse owned by John Murphy, who provided support to slave traders in the city and built the Murphy house on Bibb Street. The Commerce Street warehouse was used in the 1850s by slave traders like H.W. Farley, who advertised the sale of enslaved children, such as a boy "about fourteen, very likely and sprightly." The warehouse remained in the hands of owners involved in the slave trade until the end of the Civil War.
Details
HM NumberHM1CAA
Tags
Year Placed2013
Placed ByBlack Heritage Council, Equal Justice Initiative and the Alabama Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 3:19pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 564812 N 3582702
Decimal Degrees32.37943333, -86.31098333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 22.766', W 86° 18.659'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 22' 45.96" N, 86° 18' 39.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)334
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 122-132 Commerce St, Montgomery AL 36104, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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