Cross Mountain

Cross Mountain (HM1D4Y)

Location: Fredericksburg, TX 78624 Gillespie County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 17.651', W 98° 52.066'

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Inscription
This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found on the hilltop the same year suggests that Spanish missionaries recognized it as a landmark on the path from San Antonio to Mission San Saba. John Christian Durst (1825-1898), arriving with his family in 1847 from Germany, received a town lot and 10 acres of land, including this hill. On finding the cross, he named it "Kreuzberg," or Cross Mountain. The Easter fires on Cross Mountain and the surrounding hills recall a German tradition of burning the old growth to make way for the new, and also commemorate the 1847 treaty made by John O. Meusebach and the settlers to establish peace with the Comanche nation.

In 1849, a Bohemian priest, Father George Menzel, erected a more substantial cross as a symbol of redemption and civilization. Easter Sunrise Services were held on the mountain for many years prior to 1941. In 1946 the Very Rev. F. X. Wolf threw the switch to illuminate the permanent cross of metal and concrete built by St. Mary's Catholic Church.
Details
HM NumberHM1D4Y
Tags
Marker Number10025
Year Placed1976
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 15th, 2014 at 2:17pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 512715 N 3351391
Decimal Degrees30.29418333, -98.86776667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 17.651', W 98° 52.066'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 17' 39.06" N, 98° 52' 3.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)830
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1526 N Milam St, Fredericksburg TX 78624, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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