Lisnaskea Market Cross

Lisnaskea Market Cross (HM1DNJ)

Location: Enniskillen, KY BT92 0JE County Fermanagh
Country: United Kingdom
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N 54° 15.175', W 7° 26.598'

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This cross was set up in the Corn and Potato Market when it was built by Mr John Crichton, later third Earl of Erne, in 1841. At that time the small stone cross was made and placed on the ancient and much more massive shaft.

The original site of the cross is unknown, though there are several traditions about it. One is that the shaft formerly stood at Fawney cross-roads, east of Lisnaskea, and was used for swearing oaths. The base is said to have been dug up somewhere near the town, or used as a mounting block at Castle Balfour. Lisnaskea itself is not the site of an early church, and the likelihood is that the cross once stood at one of the early church sites in the area. Galloen and Inishroosk have been suggested, and Aghalurcher is also possible.

The cross when complete must have been massive. The large stepped case is undecorated. The shaft above has a plain 'collar' at top and bottom, but the main faces between are carved. On the east face (to the street) are Adam and Eve under the tree. The treatment is bold in scale and lively. Adam, to the right, has a long beard, and Eve holds out the apple. The figures seem to skip: notice the bent knees. The branches of the tree are interlaced, and the apples are clear. The scene of Adam and Eve is one of the most common on figure-carved high crosses, and examples not far away can be seen at Boho, Drumcliff (Co Sligo) and Clones (Co Monaghan). On the west face are thirty-two circular bosses. To complete the original form of the cross you have to imagine the shaft continuing above the top collar (joined with a mortice and tenon joint), running into a large cross head, probably of the ringed form. The cross is not easy to date closely, but the 10th century is possible.

The cross was published by Lady Dorothy Lowry-Corry in the Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 65 (1935). It was moved from a site close to the railings into the middle of the Market as part of the restoration scheme carried out in 1980-81.

The Market including the Cross is listed for protection under the Planning (Northern Ireland) Order 1972. This notice was supplied by Historic Monuments and Buildings Branch (DOENI) in 1985.
Year Placed1985
Placed ByHistoric Monuments and Buildings Branch (DOENI)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 5:45pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)29U E 601417 N 6012780
Decimal Degrees54.25291667, -7.44330000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 54° 15.175', W 7° 26.598'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds54° 15' 10.50" N, 7° 26' 35.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)270
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 141 Main St, Enniskillen KY BT92 0JE, GB
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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