Pali Road - From Trail to Highway

Pali Road - From Trail to Highway (HM1EA6)

Location: Kaneohe, HI 96744 Honolulu County
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Country: United States of America
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N 21° 22.023', W 157° 47.578'

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In the early 1800s, you had two choices if you wanted to travel between Honolulu and Windward O'ahu.
You could take a canoe trip around the southern end of the island or hike over the steep cliffs of the Ko'olau mountains. The pali (cliff) trail was the quickest and most direct route, but it was very steep and slippery. Hawaiians travelled the trail with ease but foreigners had a very different experience:

"The pass was almost too fearful to be enjoyed. I suffered from apprehension lest I should fall from the rocky steep. I took off my shoes and by setting my feet in the crevices of the rock, I worked myself along, assisted by a native, who saw nothing to wonder at by my awkwardness and fear on passing this grand highway."
Reverend Reuben Tinker, 1831

Foot Trail
The foot trail was well travelled by people carrying containers of poi, bundles of taro and sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens, and goats to sell in Honolulu.

Carriage Road
In 1897, a new carriage road was built below the existing trail. Portions of the cliff were blasted to create a 20 foot wide road supported by stone walls. The road now would around the mountain.

Horse Trail
In 1845, the crowed and dangerous path was paved with stone and widened to six feet. Travel to Honolulu on horse or mule took about 3 hours.

Horse and Buggy
A strong wind struck travelers at every turn and for safety, a wooden railing was added. The road was crowded with horse and mule pulling wagons of sugar, bananas, rice, and fish to market in Honolulu.

The carriage road handled the transition to car with little change until the 1950's. The construction of the four-lane highway we travel today included excavation of the tunnels. This highway was completed in 1957.
HM NumberHM1EA6
Placed ByState of Hawai'i/Department of Land and Natural Resources/Division of State Parks
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 26th, 2014 at 8:58pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)4Q E 625143 N 2363251
Decimal Degrees21.36705000, -157.79296667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 21° 22.023', W 157° 47.578'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds21° 22' 1.38" N, 157° 47' 34.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)808
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 300 Nuuanu Pali Dr, Kaneohe HI 96744, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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