The Hungerford Smallpox Epidemic of 1884

The Hungerford Smallpox Epidemic of 1884 (HM1EMC)

Location: Henderson, ON 56044 Hastings County
Country: Canada
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N 44° 28.513', W 77° 18.64'

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Inscription
The viral disease of smallpox - widespread in 19th century Ontario - flared up in a severe epidemic in Hungerford Township in 1884. The outbreak claimed at least 45 lives in 202 reported cases and disrupted economic activity and family life for many more. Local efforts by municipal authorities and private physicians were initially unable to halt the disease, and its wider spread throughout the province seemed likely. The newly established Provincial Board of Health and its hired officers swiftly undertook fumigation, enforced isolation and mass vaccination. The disease was contained, proving the value of public health measures applied consistently under coordinated direction. The Hungerford experience demonstrated the importance of quality vaccine, reliable supplies and skilled vaccinators. The Board's actions in 1884 transformed Ontario's approach to disease control when over 400 local boards of health were formed to assist in the delivery of essential medical services. As a result, Ontario earned an international reputation as an aggressive and innovative public health advocate during the mid-1880s.
Details
HM NumberHM1EMC
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Placed ByOntario Heritage Trust, an agency of the Government of Ontario
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 9:14am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 316228 N 4927253
Decimal Degrees44.47521667, -77.31066667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 28.513', W 77° 18.64'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 28' 30.78" N, 77° 18' 38.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)507, 952
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 25-37 Victoria St N, Henderson ON 56044, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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