Fort Mercer

Fort Mercer (HM1OOY)

Location: National Park, NJ 08063 Gloucester County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 52.26', W 75° 11.38'

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Red Bank Battlefield

"The post with which you are entrusted is of the utmost importance to America . . . The whole defense of the Delaware absolutely depends upon it . . . "
General George Washington toColonel Christopher Greene,October 9, 1777
As early as the spring of 1777, American forces approached James Whitall to purchase his property for the construction of a fort. The high bluffs of the Whitall property provided a strategic location for controlling access to the river. The Whitalls refused to sell their property. Their Quaker faith prevented them from choosing sides in the war.This did not stop the American forces from seizing the Whitall's property. The Whitalls watched helplessly as soldiers ransacked their farm, taking cattle and supplies from their home. Their vast fruit orchards became the building materials for the newly constructed Fort Mercer, named after the Battle of Princeton hero, Hugh Mercer. The earthen fort became part of their river defense system which included Fort Billingsport to the south and Fort Mifflin located directly across the river. Together, the three forts worked to keep supplies from getting to the British who had occupied Philadelphia in the fall of 1777.
Year Placed2015
Placed ByNew Jersey Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 19th, 2015 at 9:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 483779 N 4413456
Decimal Degrees39.87100000, -75.18966667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 52.26', W 75° 11.38'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 52' 15.6" N, 75° 11' 22.8" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)856
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 113 W Military Dr, National Park NJ 08063, US
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