Retreat from Chinn Ridge

Retreat from Chinn Ridge (HM1S7G)

Location: Manassas, VA 20109 Prince William County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 48.792', W 77° 31.812'

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First Battle of Manassas

— July 21, 1861 4:30 p.m. —

Colonel Oliver O. Howard's brigade brought up the rear of the Federal flanking column. After crossing Bull Run, the New Englanders hastened towards the sounds of battle. In the mid-afternoon heat, dozens of men straggled on the march or collapsed by the roadside. By the time they reached the front, Union hopes for victory were fading.

Intending to outflank the enemy, Howard's regiments ascended to the top of this rise. Suddenly the air exploded with shell fragments. Confederate artillery opened a flanking fire from the Chinn House yard. Masses of Rebel infantry charged out of the woods below. Howard's men managed a few ragged volleys before the parade-style battle lines began to break. The retreat gathered momentum and soon the Union army was in full flight.

The struggle for Chinn Ridge, depicting the Henry House in the distance. Painting by Captain James Hope, 2nd Vermont Infantry. Artwork courtesy of Howard Coffin.
HM NumberHM1S7G
Placed ByManassas National Battlefield Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, May 13th, 2016 at 1:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 280315 N 4299088
Decimal Degrees38.81320000, -77.53020000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.792', W 77° 31.812'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 47.52" N, 77° 31' 48.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Manassas VA 20109, US
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