Chisholm Trail in Sumner County Historical

Chisholm Trail in Sumner County Historical (HM1TGI)

Location: Belle Plaine, KS 67013 Sumner County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 22.001', W 97° 19.348'

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The Chisholm Trail probably began as a buffalo migration route, linking summer pastures in the Central Plains to winter pastures in Texas. American Indians followed the buffalo and shared the route with U.S. explorers, who mapped it in the 1850s. In 1865 Jesse Chisholm, for whom the trail was eventually named, drove 250 cattle over the trail to what is today Wichita. An estimated 5 million head followed the route into Kansas over the next 20 years.

Traffic became thick after 1867 when Joseph McCoy built a large stockyard on the Kansas Pacific Railroad at Abilene (140 miles north of here) — the nearest shipping point to Texas. It took about three months to drive a herd from Texas to Abilene and cost roughly 75 cents a head. The same animals sold for 10 to 20 times that amount in Kansas City. In 1885 Kansas imposed quarantine on Texas cattle, which carried a deadly tick, and the cattle trails closed. By then Kansas had become a leader in the nation's livestock industry.
Year Placed2012
Placed ByThe State of Kansas
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, August 2nd, 2016 at 9:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 648546 N 4136871
Decimal Degrees37.36668333, -97.32246667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 22.001', W 97° 19.348'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 22' 0.0600000000001" N, 97° 19' 20.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)620
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Kansas Turnpike, Belle Plaine KS 67013, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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