Fighting in Hawkins County Historical

Fighting in Hawkins County Historical (HM1UBL)

Location: Surgoinsville, TN 37873 Hawkins County
Buy Tennessee State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 36° 28.1', W 82° 51.083'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

Surgoinsville and the War

Land, timber, and commercial opportunities drew settlers here to the banks of the Holston River. As the Civil War approached, the river's importance in the Tennessee Valley made it a contested transportation route. Hawkins County residents mostly voted against secession, but pockets of Confederate support existed.

The nearby Lyons store and post office, the commercial hub of Surgoinsville, became a focus of activity for Confederate supporters. On May 21, 1862, Clinton G. Lyons and Frank L. Phipps organized Co. A. 12th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion, there. Phipps was elected captain while Lyons, son of the store's Pennsylvania born owner Williams Lyons, was first elected lieutenant and later captain. The next month, when Confederate Gen. Kirby Smith planned to invade Kentucky, he wrote, "I think I shall order Colonel (James W.) Starnes to Rogersville to scout in Hawkins and Hancock (Counties). ...If Captain Phipps's Company from Hawkins County can be found, ...they could act as guides for him."

The war drew close to Surgoinsville in 1863, when an engagement occurred a few miles south at Big Creek on November 6. Confederate Gen. William E. Jones and his cavalry brigade surprised the regiments of Union Col. Israel Garrard, 7th Ohio Cavalry, and Maj. Daniel Carpenter, 2nd East Tennessee Mounted Infantry, and soundly defeated

Clinton Lyons survived the war and returned home to a county that remained divided for many years thereafter. He and his wife reared six children.

Gen. Kirby Smith
Gen. William E. Jones
Cavalry Calsh
Kentucky and Tennessee, 1862
All images courtesy Library of Congress
Year Placed2016
Placed ByTennesse Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 12th, 2016 at 5:03pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 334122 N 4037488
Decimal Degrees36.46833333, -82.85138333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 28.1', W 82° 51.083'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 28' 6" N, 82° 51' 4.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1702 Main St, Surgoinsville TN 37873, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?