Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg Historical

Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg Historical (HM1VSJ)

Location: Gettysburg, PA 17325 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 50.135', W 77° 14.736'

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Climax on Seminary Ridge

"On every side the passion, rage and frenzy of fearless men or reckless boys devoted to slaughter or doomed to death! The same sun that a day before had been shining to cure the wheat-sheaves of the harvest of peace, now glared to pierce the gray pall of battle's powder smoke or to bloat the corpses of battle's victims."
—Augustus Buell, "The Cannoneer" (1890)

During the heavy fighting late in the afternoon of July 1, 1863, Seminary Ridge became the final defensive position of the Union's First Army Corps west of Gettysburg. Twenty-one cannons and thousands of battle-weary men crowned the heights with the aim of repelling Confederate forces ascending the ridge. The Union line was buckling to the left and right but the position near the Thompson house was holding.

The 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry was posted here along with three guns of Lt. James Stewart's Battery B, 4th United States Artillery, blasting deadly volleys of iron into Gen. Alfred Scales's North Carolina soldiers across the Chambersburg Pike. The Confederates pushed onward, however, unhinging the entire Union line from Seminary Ridge. The position here around the Thompson house was the very last to fall. Union soldiers sought refuge in the railroad cut to your right and rear. Once the fighting ended, dead and wounded soldiers
were scattered around here. The widow Thompson and her neighbors cared for the wounded men of both sides, while the dead of both armies were buried near the places where they fell.
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2016
Placed ByThe Civil War Trust and Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, November 19th, 2016 at 9:04pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 307848 N 4411921
Decimal Degrees39.83558333, -77.24560000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 50.135', W 77° 14.736'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 50' 8.1" N, 77° 14' 44.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 401 Buford Ave, Gettysburg PA 17325, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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