Barkhamsted Lighthouse Village Charcoal Kilns

Barkhamsted Lighthouse Village Charcoal Kilns (HM24DK)

Location: , X Región
Country: Chile
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N 41° 56.589', W 73° 0.383'

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A Connecticut State Archaeological Preserve

Charcoal production was an important industry in
northwestern Connecticut in the nineteenth century.
Before Pennsylvania coal became readily available, the
iron forges in Litchfield County were reliant upon locally
produced charcoal as their primary fuel. The low rise
in front of you is one of the four charcoal kilns seen at the
Lighthouse Village. Look closely and you will observe a
circular trench or "gutter" that encompasses the mound.
This trench serves as a fire break.
Cordwood was stacked into a mound. Then, in a slow
and controlled burn, the moisture was released from the
wood, leaving a much lighter and more valuable, higher
quality fuel.
Charcoal production was a difficult, dirty, and dangerous
pursuit. The kiln had to be tended to by the "collier"
whose job it was to maintain the slow burn, and, at all
costs, to prevent the valuable wood from being lost in
an uncontrolled blaze. Lighthouse residents may have
served as the colliers for these kilns.
If you look carefully around the kiln, you should be able
to find three more encircled mounds. These are the remnants
of the long-forgotten charcoal industry in northwestern Connecticut.
HM NumberHM24DK
Placed ByBarkhamsted Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, January 5th, 2018 at 10:03am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18G E 665257 N 5354613
Decimal Degrees-41.94315000, -73.00638333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 56.589', W 73° 0.383'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 56' 35.34" N, 73° 0' 22.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, X Región , CL
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