Riddarholmen

Riddarholmen (HM253Y)

Location: Stockholm, Stockholms län
Country: Sweden
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N 59° 19.579', E 18° 3.784'

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Inscription
Riddarholmen is the historical nucleus of Stockholm, with buildings from several eras. The oldest is Riddarholm Church, which was inaugurated around the year 1300 as a part of a monastery. The monastery was founded by the Franciscan order around 1270 on land donated by King Magnus Ladulås. The king chose the church for his last resting place and was buried there after his death in 1290. Magnus Ladulås was son of Birger Jarl who is thought to have founded Stockholm in the 1250s. From 1634 and up to 1950, Riddarholm Church was the royal burial site.

In 1527, during the reign of King Gustav Vasa, the Reformation took place in Sweden. It led to the Crown confiscating Church and the monastery property: all to break the power of the Church and raise funds for defences. On the west side of the island two cannon turrets and a middle wall were built. The turrets are preserved in the lower levels of Birger Jarl's Tower and in the south tower of the Wrangelska Palace.

In the 17th century, Sweden grew into a great power and Stockholm's urban environment was modernised. The Crown donated building land to the higher nobility, who in the 1630s and 40s built palaces in contemporary Renaissance style. In the latter half of the 17th century, conversions and extensions were carried out in imposing Baroque style. Some of the era's leading architects



were hired. Jean de la Vallee and Nicodemus Tessin the Elder designed the Wrangelska Palace. After the castle fire of 1697, the palace remained the royal residence for 57 years.

In the 18th century, the Crown began to take over the palaces. They were made state administration buildings and seats of Sweden's supreme legal institutions. In the 19th century and up until about 1950, Riddarholmen was also a point of entry for shipping on Lake Malaren. One of the country's biggest steamboat harbours lay on the west side of the island, where a quay was built. In the 1960s it was converted with terraces for recreation added.

Riddarholmen is part of Sweden's common heritage and is managed by the National Property Board.

Riddarholmen är Stockholms historiska kärna med bebyggelse från flera epoker. Äldst är Riddarholmskyrkan, invigd omkring 1300 som en del av ett kloster. Klostret anlades av franciskanerorden omkring 1270 på mark som Kung Magnus Ladulås donerat. Holmen fick namnet Gråmunkeholmen efter de gråklädda munkarna. Kung Magnus valde kyrkan som sin gravplats och begravdes också här efter sin död 1290. Magnus Ladulås var son till Birger jarl som antas ha grundat Stockholm på 1250-talet. Från 1634 och fram till 1950 var Riddarholmskyrkan kunglig begravningsplats.

År 1527, under Gustav Vasas regering, genomfördes reformationen i Sverige. Den



innebar att kronan lade beslag på kyrkornas och klostrens egendomar. Syftet var att bryta kyrkans makt och få medel till försvaret. På Gråmunkeholmens västra sida lät Gustav Vasa bygga två kanontorn med en mellanliggande mur. Tornen är bevarade i de nedre våningarna av Birger jarls torn och i Wrangelska palatsets södra torn.

På 1600-talet blev Sverige en stormakt och Stockholms stadsbild moderniserades. Kronan donerade tomter till högadeln, som på 1630- och 40-talen lät uppföra palats i tidsenlig renässans. Under andra hälften av i600-talet gjordes om- och nybyggnader i praktfull barock. Några av tidens främsta arkitekter anlitades. Jean de la Valle och Nicodemus Tessin den äldre ritade riksrådet Carl Gustav Wrangels palats. Efter slottsbranden 1697 blev det kungafamiljens hem i 57 år. Gråmunkeholmen hade förvandlats och fått ett nytt namn — Riddarholmen.

På 1700-talet började kronan överta palatsen. De blev efter hand statliga förvaltningsbyggnader och säten för rikets högsta rättsinstanser. Under 1800-talet och fram till omkring 1950 var Riddarholmen även en port för Mälarsjöfarten. En av landets största ångbåtshamnar låg vid holmens västra sida som breddats med en kaj. På 1960-talet byggdes den om med terrasser för rekreation, med utsikt över Riddarfjärden.

Riddarholmen är en del av vårt gemensamma kulturarv och förvaltas av Statens fastighetsverk.



Details
HM NumberHM253Y
Tags
Placed ByStatens Fastighetsverk
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, January 29th, 2018 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)27V E 667099 N 6580073
Decimal Degrees59.32631667, 18.06306667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 59° 19.579', E 18° 3.784'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds59° 19' 34.7400" N, 18° 3' 47.0400" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Norra Järnvägsbron, Stockholm Stockholms län , SE
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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