Historical Archaeology - the Chief's House and Temple

Historical Archaeology - the Chief's House and Temple (HM25SZ)

Location: Natchez, MS 39120 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 31° 31.412', W 91° 22.806'

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The Natchez chief called the Great Sun lived in a house on Mound B. The Jesuit missionary Pierre- Fran├žois-Xavier de Charlevoix wrote that the Natchez houses were square or rectangular in floor plan with mud walls plastered on a wooden frame. Roofs were covered with thatched grass and cane mats. Of the chief's house, Charlevoix said, "It is larger and higher than the rest, placed on a somewhat elevated spot."Several French colonists wrote descriptions of the Natchez temple on Mound C. Archaeology has also revealed the "footprint" of this historic structure. The building's floor plan, traced by lines of post holes, compares well with the colonial narratives.Charlevoix described the Natchez temple in 1720 "The temple is very near the chief's cabin, turned toward the east, and at the end of the square. It is composed of the same materials as the cabins but its shape is different, it is a rectangle about 40 feet (long) by 20 feet wide ... at the two ends of the roof) there are what appear to be bird-shaped figures of wood, which may represent two eagles".André Pénicaut, a French voyageur who visited the Natchez in 1704, wrote about the sacred fire that burned in the Natchez temple: "In this temple they have a fire which burns continuously, it represents the sun."
HM NumberHM25SZ
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, March 6th, 2018 at 7:02am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 653803 N 3488761
Decimal Degrees31.52353333, -91.38010000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 31.412', W 91° 22.806'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 31' 24.72" N, 91° 22' 48.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)601, 769
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201 S Temple Rd, Natchez MS 39120, US
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