Moro in the Civil War
The town of Moro was established in 1850 and about 700 people lived here and nearby when the Civil War began in 1861. Union troops from the 1st Indiana, 1st Missouri, 9th Illinois, 5th Kansas, 2nd Wisconsin, and 3rd and 4th Iowa Cavalry, with six cannon, camped here on the night of Nov. 7, 1862, during an expedition from Helena. Leaving the next morning, the Union command divided for the return to Helena. Bands of Confederate horsemen hit one Union column repeatedly, wounding 22 men though 15 Confederates were captured and many killed.
Prelude to Helena
Gen. Theophilus Holmes's Confederate army converged on Helena in late June 1863, bent on attacking the Union post there to relieve the pressure on Vicksburg. Gen. John S. Marmaduke's cavalry and Gen. Sterling Price's infantry divisions set out from Jacksonport on June 22 and camped at or near Moro on June 30 after marching 69 miles on rain-soaked roads. The Confederates hit Helena on July 4, 1863, with Marmaduke attacking from the north and Price from the west. The strongly entrenched Union garrison won the battle, inflicting 1,614 casualties.