The Sawmill Industry in Orange County

The Sawmill Industry in Orange County (HM273B)

Location: Orange, TX 77630 Orange County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 5.462', W 93° 43.86'

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Orange County's sawmill and timber industry began with hand-operated logging operations run by pioneer settlers in the 1820s. In 1835 Robert Boothe established the area's first mechanized sawmill, and in 1841 Paine & Bendy established the first steam-driven sawmill. Cypress was the primary timber harvested until the late 1850s when the processing of native pine began. Sawmill company towns and logging camps were established throughout the county as the number of mills began to rise in the late 1870s. Increasing quantities of logs were transported by raft on the Sabine and Neches rivers to area timber operations. Many mills burned and were never rebuilt. In the early 1900s the area's sawmill and timber industry underwent a period of consolidation and a transition from reliance on water transportation to the use of the rapidly expanding railroad network. By 1909 the Miller Lind, A. E. Smith Cypress, and Lutcher & Moore's upper and lower mills dominated the area's timber industry. By 1931, however, the last of these four mills, the Lutcher & Moore upper mill, had closed. For more than 100 years the sawmill and timber industry's company towns, logging camps, and transportation system helped define Orange County life.
HM NumberHM273B
Year Placed1995
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, April 21st, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 429560 N 3329097
Decimal Degrees30.09103333, -93.73100000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 5.462', W 93° 43.86'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 5' 27.72" N, 93° 43' 51.6" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 301-399 W Front Ave, Orange TX 77630, US
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