Range Lands

Range Lands (HM27BQ)

Location: Hayden, CO 81639 Routt County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 30.416', W 107° 22.797'

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Taylor Grazing Act

It belonged to everyone—and to no one. It was called free land, and both sheepmen and cattle ranchers wanted a piece of it. In this high, dry plateau country where water and grass are scant, cutthroat competition for free range led to disastrous land practices.
Using their herds as evidence of range ownership, ranchers allowed their animals to graze uncontrolled on public grasslands.
Overgrazing brought erosion and the destruction of open pastures.
Finally, in 1934 Congress stepped in with the Taylor Grazing Act.
Named for Colorado's great Western Slope congressman. Edward T. Taylor, the act created grazing districts regulated by the federal government.
Thus ended the ruinous competition among stockmen and the likely destruction of some 170,000,000 acres of public domain.

Farrington R. Carpenter,
Maverick Rancher

In 1934 President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Farrington R. Carpenter the first director of the Division of Grazing, a federal agency created by the Taylor Grazing Act. True to his maverick ways, Carpenter bluntly stated the act's driving purpose. He said it was "for the proper use of lands. Not for the people, not for the livestock, but for the lands." Educated at Princeton and Harvard Law School, Carpenter established

a ranch about ten miles east of here in 1926. As district attorney for Routt, Moffat, and Grand counties—an area larger than Massachusetts—he prosecuted cattle rustlers and kidnappers, and when armed sheepmen lined up against cattlemen, he negotiated a cease-fire.
But ranching always came first. Today, the Nature Conservancy's Carpenter Ranch stands as a living testament to this maverick rancher's love of land, cattle, and the American West.
HM NumberHM27BQ
Year Placed1997
Placed ByColorado Historical Society, Colorado Department of Transportation, and Federal Highway Administration
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, May 3rd, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13T E 298349 N 4486745
Decimal Degrees40.50693333, -107.37995000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 30.416', W 107° 22.797'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 30' 24.96" N, 107° 22' 47.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)970
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2705 US-40, Hayden CO 81639, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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