The 1863-64 Winter Encampment

The 1863-64 Winter Encampment (HM2BQ)

Location: Placerville, VA 95667 Culpeper County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 31.379', W 77° 51.923'

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The Federal Army of the Potomac Rebuilds

On the night of December 1, 1863, following its unsuccessful advance against Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Mine Run Campaign, a cold and tired Army of the Potomac withdrew across the Rapidan River and returned to Culpeper County.

On these fields and throughout most of Cupleper and part of Fauquier Counties, 100,000 Union soldiers set up a massive winter encampment that disrupted the lives of local residents

Union commander Maj. Gen. George G. Meade (right) ordered that the army establish its camps in an enormous oval-shapped configuration. As protection, an outer ring of cavalry pickets stretched around the army, backed up by an inner line of infantry.

Supplies from Alexandria, Virginia rolled down the Orange and Alexandria Railroad into Brandy Station, the army's principle supply depot, and to Ingalls Station, 1.2 miles to the north.

The encampment, which lasted from December 1, 1863 to May 4, 1864, was described by one soldier as a time "when the shattered regiments regained form and fair; when the new men learned the ways of the old, and caught the spirit of the organization they had entered... and the new body, thus composed, was to be thrown into one of the most furious campaigns of human history."

"A man could walk for miles and never leave the camps around Brandy Station."
Anonymous Union Solder

"A few weeks ago it was a wilderness; now it is a city of log huts, hardly a tree to be seen."
126th New York Soldier

Help Preserve Battlefields · call CWPT at 1-888-606-1400 · · The Hallowell Foundation generously contributed toward the interpretation of this site in memory of Carrington Williams.
This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinion, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.
HM NumberHM2BQ
Placed ByCivil War Preservation Trust
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 4:10pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 250200 N 4267735
Decimal Degrees38.52298333, -77.86538333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 31.379', W 77° 51.923'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 31' 22.74" N, 77° 51' 55.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)530, 916
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1577-1599 State Rte 677, Placerville VA 95667, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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