Panna Maria, Texas

Panna Maria, Texas (HM2FH1)

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N 28° 57.447', W 97° 53.896'

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Inscription

Oldest Permanent Polish Colony in America

Settled by 100 Polish families who came to Texas to gain economic, political and religious freedom.

Led by Father Leopold Moczygemba, O.F.M., Conv., they made a contract in 1854 with John Twohig, a San Antonio banker and merchant, for land at this site.

The colonists, natives of Upper Silesia and Krakow, landed at Galveston after a hard voyage of nine weeks on a sailing ship. They hired Mexican carts to haul their farm implements, featherbeds, and the cross from their parish church in Poland. The 800 men, women, and children walked - some in boots, others barefoot - the 200 miles inland to their new home. Babies were born on the way, and some of the people died. All suffered from hunger and exposure.

On Dec. 24, 1854, they reached this site. They named it Panna Maria (Virgin Mary), placing it under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception. Beneath a large oak they offered their first Midnight Mass of Thanksgiving and petition for strength and courage.

They camped out until they could put up huts of mud, straw or wood, later building in stone. In spite of hardships, they founded a stable community, aided in settling other frontiers, pioneered in education, and gave Texas many patriotic, dedicated citizens.
Details
HM NumberHM2FH1
Tags
Year Placed1966
Placed ByTexas State Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, April 9th, 2019 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 607356 N 3203771
Decimal Degrees28.95745000, -97.89826667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 28° 57.447', W 97° 53.896'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds28° 57' 26.82" N, 97° 53' 53.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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