School House

School House (HM2HLR)

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N 30° 12.92', W 91° 59.696'

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School House:Banning of the French Language
L'école is a reproduction of a typical schoolhouse of the late 1800s. In southwest
Louisiana, French was the dominant language until the mid-1900s. Native Americans
along with Spanish, German, African, and English arrivals and their descendants learned
to speak French to conduct business and socialize with neighbors. In the 1910s, new laws
banned the French language in schools as an attempt to Americanize the non-English
speaking population. The lines "I will not speak French" on the blackboard recall that
time period.

What are the Differences?

In southwest Louisiana, Creole and Cajun French dialects are distinct. Creole French
borrows vocabulary and grammar from West African (especially Senegambian) and
American Indian languages, and is distinct from the Creole languages of the
French-speaking Caribbean islands. As such, the Louisiana Creole dialect represents an
important linguistic legacy of the African diaspora in the Americas. In contrast, Cajun
French incorporates an French dialect from the 1700s and is different from modern

continental French. Both Cajun and Creole French use many expressions unique to
southwest Louisiana.

de la langue française
C'est une
reproduction d'une école typique de la fin des années 1800. Au sud-ouest de la
Louisiane, le français était la langue dominante jusqu'au milieu des années 1900. Les
Amérindiens, ainsi que les immigrants allemands, africains, espagnols ou anglais et leurs
descendants ont appris à parler le français pour des affaires et socialiser avec les voisins.
Dans les années 1910, de nouvelles lois ont interdit la langue française dans les écoles
dans une tentative d'américaniser la population non anglophone. Les lignes « I will not
speak French » (Je ne parlerai pas français) sur le tableau noir rappelle cette période.

Quelles sont les différences?

Au sud-ouest de la Louisiane, les dialectes des français créoles et cadiens sont distincts.
Le français créole emprunte le vocabulaire et la grammaire de l'Ouest africain (surtout la
Sénégambie) et des langues amérindiennes et se distingue des langues créoles des îles des
Caraibes d'expression française. De ce fait, le dialecte créole en Louisiane représente un
élément important de l'héritage linguistique de la diaspora africaine dans les Amériques.
En revanche, le français cadien intègre un dialecte français des années 1700 et se
différencie du français moderne continental. Le français cadien et le créole utilisent de
nombreuses expressions uniques au sud-ouest de la Louisiane.
Side Bar

Many rural pockets of Creole and
Cajun French-speaking communities
continue to exist in southern Louisiana,
and the region remains one
of the
only places in the U.S. where the
native population speaks distinct
French dialects. Both Creole and Cajun
dialects are in danger of becoming
as younger generations speak
English predominantly. Nonetheless,
there is growing interest for French
among young people. Since 1968, the
Council for the Development of French
in Louisiana (CODOFIL) has promoted
the speaking of French language, and
the preservation of both Creole
and Cajun cultures.———————————————————————————————————————
De nombreuses poches rurales des
communautés cadiennes et créoles de
langue française continuent d'exister
dans le sud de la Louisiane et la
région reste un des seuls endroits aux
États-Unis où la population locale
parle des dialectes de français
distincts. Ces dialectes sont en
de s'éteindre car les jeunes
générations parlent anglais
principalement. Néanmoins, il y a un
intérêt croissant parmi la jeunesse
d'apprendre et de parler français.
Depuis 1968, le Conseil pour le
développement du français en
Louisiane (CODOFIL) a favorisé
l'expression de la langue française et
la préservation des cultures
créoles et cadiennes.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, June 7th, 2019 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 596728 N 3343073
Decimal Degrees30.21533333, -91.99493333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 12.92', W 91° 59.696'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 12' 55.2" N, 91° 59' 41.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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