Columbia: a Transportation Hub

Columbia: a Transportation Hub (HM2IHS)

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N 40° 1.862', W 76° 30.551'

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Inscription

Lancaster-York Heritage Region

— Susquehanna River Water Trail —

During the mid-nineteenth century, Columbia was a busting transportation hub. Turnpikes, ferries, bridges, canals, wharves, and railroads made Columbia a major transshipment point in the movement of lumber, coal, grains, pig iron, and people.

Because the Susquehanna is rocky and shallow, most large boats could not navigate the river's treacherous waters below this point. Even rafts were unloaded and broken up here in town, where warehouses stored cargo, and sawmills cut the rough-hewn lumber into planks.

In 1832, a canal was constructed linking Columbia with areas to the north and west along the Susquehanna. Another segment of this vast transportation network was added in 1834 when a railroad line connecting Philadelphia and Columbia was completed. It subsequently became a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

In 1840, Baltimore businessmen, not to be outdone by their Philadelphia rivals in the north, constructed a canal along the York County shoreline. The Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal, as it was known connected nearby Wrightsville to the Chesapeake Bay in the south.

The river transported people as well as goods. With large African-American and Quaker populations, Columbia was a way station on the Underground Railroad. Here, runaway slaves from the Chesapeake Bay region found safe haven on their



way to freedom.
Details
HM NumberHM2IHS
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania Railroad series, and the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal series.
Tags
Placed ByChesapeake Bay Gateways Network
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, July 7th, 2019 at 5:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 371232 N 4432292
Decimal Degrees40.03103333, -76.50918333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 1.862', W 76° 30.551'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 1' 51.72" N, 76° 30' 33.06" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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