The Zollie Tree

The Zollie Tree (HM2J2W)

Buy flags at!

N 37° 3.343', W 84° 44.361'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

Mill Springs Battlefield

— National Historic Landmark —

After Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer was fatally wounded at the Battle of Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, his men placed his body under a white oak tree. In the years that followed, the tree became known as the "Zollie Tree."

Forty years passed with no effort made to remember or honor Zollicoffer or the Confederate soldiers who lay in the mass grave nearby.

A Family Tradition
In 1902, ten-year-old Dorotha Burton witnessed the lavish ceremonies held on Memorial Day for Union soldiers buried in Mill Springs National Cemetery. She realized that the Confederate soldiers buried nearby had all but been forgotten.

That year, Dorotha decorated the Zollie Tree with a flower- entwined evergreen wreath and placed flowers on the mass grave. She continued decorating the Zollie Tree on Memorial Day until 1947, when disabled by arthritis. Her family continues the tradition.

Loss of an Old Friend
One June 9, 1995, a severe storm destroyed the original Zollie Tree. Arborists judged the tree, then almost ninety feet tall and fifteen feet in circumference, to be between 200 and 250 years old. This young white oak, planted by the Mill Springs Battlefield Association on Memorial Day 1996, is a seedling of the original tree.

From her mother's garden she plucked roses and made wreaths,

each day when the Federal dead had their graves covered
with floral tributes this little girl laid . . . upon the graves of these
Confederates . . . nature's lovely offering, and hung chaplets on
Zollicoffer's Oak.
Confederate veteran Bennett H. Young, May 19, 1910.

Photo captions:
Left side: Dorotha Burton and the Zollie Tree, ca. 1935.
Right side: Above, the Zollie Tree the day before the storm destroyed it. Right, the Zollie Tree on June 9, 1995.
HM NumberHM2J2W
Series This marker is part of the series, and the National Historic Landmarks series.
Year Placed2014
Placed ByMill Springs Battlefield Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, July 24th, 2019 at 2:03pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 701011 N 4103443
Decimal Degrees37.05571667, -84.73935000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 3.343', W 84° 44.361'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 3' 20.58" N, 84° 44' 21.66" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What country is the marker located in?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?