Encountering the Other

Encountering the Other (HM2K8X)

Buy flags at Flagstore.com!

N 38° 10.918', W 76° 25.812'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites


American Indians have lived in the Chesapeake Bay area for at least 12,000 years and were the first inhabitants of what is now St. Mary's City.

When English colonists arrived in 1634, the local Yaocomaco Indians made an agreement with them. The Indians gave the settlers land and the right to inhabit a small hamlet in exchange for English cloth and metal tools. The two groups lived side by side for the next several months.

The Yaocomaco people taught the new residents how to prepare fields and to grow corn and other crops. These basic skills provided the means for the colony's survival. While their relationship was generally peaceful, the pressure from European settlers seeking to occupy land eventually forced American Indians to move away from this region.

"...their chiefe care must be to make choice of ap lace first that is probably to be healthfull and fruitful, net that it may be easily fortified, and thirdly that it may be convenient for trade both with the English and savages."
Lord Baltimore's Instructions to the Colonists, 1633

Leonard Calvert agreed to give the Yaocomaco Indians "hatches, axes, hoes and some amount of cloth" in exchange for the land the colonists received.

This American Indian effigy pipe was

found at an archaeological site at Historic St. Mary's City. It was probably deposited thee around 1656. The pipe was designed so that the human effigy faced the smoker.

Yaocomaco Indians Living in St. Mary's River Valley for Hundreds of Years

Yaocomaco Indians Begin Relocation to Escape Susquehannock Indian Attacks

Colonists Arrive in Maryland and Reach Agreement with Yaocomaco to Occupy Abandoned Village

Yaocomaco Indians No Longer Inhabit St. Mary's River Valley

There are no known drawings by native people of the Chesapeake area that survive from the 17th century. This image of an Indian village is one of a handful of drawings done from a European perspective depicting Indian lifeways along the mid-Atlantic coast during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Yaocomaco witchotts (houses) may have been furnished much like this one when occupied by the English. The English probably used the structures in the same manner as the Indians, as a dry place to sleep and store goods, with most work and activities taking place outside.
HM NumberHM2K8X
Placed ByHistoric St. Mary's City
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 2nd, 2019 at 8:01pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 374740 N 4226971
Decimal Degrees38.18196667, -76.43020000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 10.918', W 76° 25.812'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 10' 55.08" N, 76° 25' 48.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What country is the marker located in?
  2. Is this marker part of a series?
  3. What historical period does the marker represent?
  4. What historical place does the marker represent?
  5. What type of marker is it?
  6. What class is the marker?
  7. What style is the marker?
  8. Does the marker have a number?
  9. What year was the marker erected?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?