Chorazin's synagogue was built of hard, dark basalt stones, difficult to carve and engrave.
Despite this, the builders and artists managed to carve hundreds of ornamental designs and architectural elements, geometric and floral motifs, human and mythological figures.
Similar decorations were discovered in other ancient synagogues in the Galilee and the Golan, especially in Capernaum. The discovery of these figures - especially the mythological ones raised many Halachic and cultural questions.
Ancient Jewish art and architecture were influenced by Eastern Hellenistic culture, as demonstrated by the plan of the building, the gabled entrance and the decorations.