Israelite Hazor, from the 10th century BCE (the time of the United Monarchy), included only the upper city. The area of the Israelite city extended over some 35 dunams, and its inhabitants numbered between 1,000 and 1,500. King Solomon apparently fortified it: "This was the purpose of the forced labor which Solomon imposed: It was to build the House of the Lord, his own palace, the Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and [to fortify] Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer" (1 Kings 9:15).
In the days of Ahab (the 9th century BCE) Hazor extended over the entire area of the upper city (about 100 dunams), and public buildings were constructed, among them a water system, fortress, and storehouses.
Israelite Hazor was destroyed in the military campaign of Tiglath-pileser III in 732 BCE, and its residents were exiled together with the inhabitants of the entire Galilee (2 Kings 15:29).
English Text on Marker Timeline:
Canaanite Hazor (Greater Hazor) 1720-1100 BCE
· Middle Canaanite Period IIb
· Late Canaanite Period (to Destruction of Canaanite Hazor - 1250 BCE)
· Occupational Gap 1250-1100 BCE
Israelite Hazor 1100-732 BCE
· Israelite Period I (Period of the Settlement of the Tribes and Judges) 1100-950 BCE
Period IIa (Reign of Solomon) 950-850 BCE
· Israelite Period IIb (Reign of Ahab to Destruction of the Kingdom of Israel) 850-732 BCE