El Torno / El Torn / The Foundling Wheel

El Torno / El Torn / The Foundling Wheel (HM2M5L)

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N 41° 23.051', W 2° 10.123'

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 (Spanish:)
El torno de la Casa de la MaternidadEnfrente se sitúa la antigua "Casa Provincial de Maternidad y
Expósitos de Barcelona". Hasta finales del siglo XIX, la
asistencia a las madres sin recursos era prácticamente
inexistente. Los escasos modelos de acción social se basaban en
la caridad de las entidades religiosas que, no obstante, las
acusaban de pecadoras.

El desarrollo industrial de la ciudad provocó la llegada masiva
de mujeres solas de las zonas rurales que encontraban trabajo
en el servicio doméstico o en las fábricas. En paralelo,
aumentaba de forma exponencial la tasa de nacimientos
"ilegítimos" En este ambiente de miseria y estigma social,
muchas madres solteras y/o empobrecidas se veían obligadas a
abandonar a sus criaturas en instituciones de caridad como
esta.
En el torno que hay en esta pared se dejaban a escondidas las
criaturas recién nacidas; es también un resumen de múltiples
dramas e injusticias. Al estigma se sumaba el dolor del
abandono. La mayoría de los niños morían antes de llegar a la
mayoría de edad, y los pocos que sobrevivían pasaban a la
vecina



Casa de la Caridad, donde los chicos eran educados para
ser dependientes y las chicas, nuevamente, para el servicio
doméstico.
-
(Catalan:)
El Torn de la Casa de la Maternitat
Enfront teniu l'antiga "Casa Provincial de Maternidad y
Expósitos de Barcelona". Fins a finals del segle XIX
l'assistència a les mares sense recursos era pràcticament
inexistent. Els escassos models d'acció social es basaven
en la caritat de les entitats religioses que les acusava,
tanmateix, de pecadores.

El desenvolupament industrial de la ciutat provocà
l'arribada masiva de dones soles de les zones rurals que
trobaven feines en el servei domèstic o a les fabriques. En
paral-lel augmentava de forma exponencial la taxa de
naixements "il-legitims". En aquest ambient de misèria i
d'estigma social moltes mares solteres i/o empobrides es
veien obligades a abandonar les seves criatures en
institucions de caritat com aquesta.

Al torn que hi ha en aquesta paret es deixaven les
criatures recen nascudes d'amagat, i és també un resum
de múltiples drames i injustícies. A l'estigma s'hi sumava
el dolor de l'abandonament. La majoria dels infants
morien abans d'arribar a l'any d'edat, i els poc que
sobrevivien passaven a la veina Casa de la Caritat, on els
nois eren educats els nois per a ser dependents, i les noies,
de nou, per al servei domèstic.
-
(English:)
The



Foundling Wheel at Casa de la Maternitat


Facing you is the old "Provincial House of Maternity and Foundlings of Barcelona". Until the late-nineteenth century, help for mothers living in poverty was practically non-existent. The few social welfare models that did exist were based on charity from religious organisations that deemed them sinners.

The city's industrial development resulted in the mass arrival of single women from rural areas who found domestic or factory work. In parallel, the rate of "illegitimate" births increased exponentially. Within this context of poverty and social stigma, many single and/or impoverished mothers were forced to abandon their children to charitable institutions like this one.

The foundling wheel in this wall, where newborn babies could be left, represents a host of dramas and injustices. On top of the stigma, mothers faced the pain of abandonment. Most infants died before their first birthday, and the few who survived were transferred to the neighbouring Casa de la Caritat ("Charity House"), where boys were brought up to be shopkeepers and girls were trained for domestic service.
Details
HM NumberHM2M5L
Tags
Year Placed2018
Placed ByAjuntament de Barcelona, Programes de Memòria
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019 at 11:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)30T E 569504 N 4581739
Decimal Degrees41.38418333, -2.16871667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 23.051', W 2° 10.123'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 23' 3.0599999999999" N, 2° 10' 7.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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