American Indians in the Menomonee Valley

American Indians in the Menomonee Valley (HM2MDF)

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N 43° 1.455', W 87° 57.613'

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— Hank Aaron State Trail —

For more than 12,000 years, the Menomonee Valley was home to American Indian people. The Menomonee Valley, with its abundant plants and wildlife, was attractive to early hunters and gatherers. From about 500 BC to 1200 AD, the native people built mounds and other impressive earthworks shaped like animals and birds. They made pottery and grew corn, beans, squash, and tobacco.

By the 1700s, the Potawatomi were the primary residents of the region. Chippewa (Ojibwa), Fox, Menominee, Ottawa, Sauk, Winnebago (Ho-Chunk), and others also lived here at various times. Their villages with nearby gardens included homes of sturdy sapling frameworks covered with rush mats or bark. They trade furs for traps, brass kettles, guns, axes, textiles, and beads.

As European settlement progressed, the United States government negotiated treaties to buy Indian lands and move Indian people. The Menomonee Valley was included in the Potawatomi Treaty of Chicago in 1833. Though the treaty called for their relocation, many Potawatomi refused to move West and eventually settled in Forest County, Wisconsin.

American Indian people still live and work in Milwaukee while keeping their family and tribal ties.

Learn more, do more...Visit Indian Country at the Milwaukee Public Museum. Read books by and about Native Americans at Woodland Pattern

Book Center.
Placed ByWisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Menomonee Valley Partners, Inc., Wisconsin Coastal Management Program and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management under the Coastal Zone Management Act, Grant #NA03NOS4190106
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 28th, 2019 at 11:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 421764 N 4763955
Decimal Degrees43.02425000, -87.96021667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 1.455', W 87° 57.613'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 1' 27.3" N, 87° 57' 36.78" W
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Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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