Bunker Hill Indian Trail

Bunker Hill Indian Trail (HM2NCK)

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N 39° 3.087', W 89° 57.094'

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During the historical period, the earliest inhabitants of the present-day community of Bunker Hill were the Peoria, Kickapoo, and Winnebago Indians who established an encampment near North Washington and West Morgan Streets. Another Native American site was northeast of Bunker Hill near the Millville School area.

From Fort Russell in Madison County to the old watering place at the head of Paddock's Creek northeast of town, the eighteen-mile trail ran in a generally straight course through the prairie along the dividing ridge between the waters and timbers of Paddock's Creek on the east, and Indian Creek on the west.

Native Americans on their northern and southern migrations were accustomed to stopping here near a large spring for water. Soon after the territory opened to American settlement, the indigenous populations were forced across the Mississippi River. The last Native American encampment in Bunker Hill was recorded in 1828, when five wigwams, which stood at the head of Wood River, were taken down and removed to a site further west.
Series This marker is part of the Illinois: Illinois State Historical Society series
Year Placed2010
Placed ByThe Bunker Hill Historical Society and the Illinois State Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 2nd, 2019 at 7:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 244580 N 4326632
Decimal Degrees39.05145000, -89.95156667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 3.087', W 89° 57.094'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 3' 5.22" N, 89° 57' 5.6400000000001" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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