Fort Anderson

Fort Anderson (HM3W5)

Location: Winnabow, NC 28479 Brunswick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 2.367', W 77° 56.778'

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One Shovelful at a Time

— Confederate Lifeline —

In 1861-1862, Col. William Lamb and Maj. John Hedrickconstructed Fort Anderson, one of several Confederatestrongholds that protected Wilmington, a major blockade-running port. They enlarged Fort St. Philip (for St. Philip's Anglican Church on your right), an earthen wall with gun emplacements that extended from the ruin to the Cape Fear River and renamed it Fort Anderson. Although Lamb had no engineering experience, he applied to the building of fortifications what engineers had learned during the Crimean War (1854-1856). In July 1862, he assumed command of Fort Fisher downstream and transformed it into the world's largest earthwork. There, as here at Fort Anderson, slaves and Indians moved the dirt and sand one shovelful at a time. Closer to the river here,you can see the massive artillery emplacements that mounted nine seacoast cannons, while movable field artillery pieces were positioned in this area. Large underground chambers sheltered the garrison and the volatile black powder supply during bombardments.

In January and February 1865, when the Federals captured Fort Fisher and Wilmington to cut the Confederate supply line to Virginia, Confederate forces under Gen. Johnson Hagood retreated here from FortFisher. The Federals soon followed and found Gen. Robert F. Hoke's Confederates entrenched from the fortwest to Orton Pond. For three days, Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox demonstrated in front of the fort and Hoke, had gunboats in the river shell the fort, and marched a flanking force around Orton Pond to attack the fort's unprotected rear. During the early morning of February 19, as the attack began, Hagood evacuated Fort Anderson, and the Federals immediately occupied it.
HM NumberHM3W5
Series This marker is part of the North Carolina Civil War Trails series
Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 3rd, 2014 at 9:42am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 227996 N 3770446
Decimal Degrees34.03945000, -77.94630000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 2.367', W 77° 56.778'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 2' 22.02" N, 77° 56' 46.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)910
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8884 Brunswick Town Fort Anderson, Winnabow NC 28479, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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Nearby Markersshow on map
Brunswick Town State Historic Site
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