Battery Granger

Battery Granger (HMF06)

Location: Highlands, NJ 07732 Monmouth County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 27.873', W 74° 0.047'

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Granger's 10-inch rifle could strike a battleship eight miles out to sea. A simple counterweight system quickly raised and lowered the gun, and a well-trained crew could fire off two rounds a minute. Protected in front by fifty feet of earth and concrete, this 1897 battery was almost immune to the flat trajectory fire of 19th century warships.

The Disappearing Gun

Recoil lowers the gun behind the parapet. To conceal and protect coastal guns and crews from increasingly accurate fire of modern warships, two American officers, Adelbert Buffington and William Crozier, perfected the design of the "disappearing" gun carriage. Loading was easier because shot trucks could bring heavy ammunition directly to the breech of the lowered weapon. To pivot the gun back to firing position, a latch was tripped, releasing a 45-ton counterweight hanging in a well below the carriage.

This battery made Battery Potter, 250 yards north, obsolete almost as soon as it was completed. Potter's steam-powered hydraulic lifts allowed its guns to disappear also, but could not compete with the speed and efficiency of the Buffington-Crozier system.
HM NumberHMF06
Placed ByNational Park System
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 24th, 2014 at 5:26pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 584712 N 4479799
Decimal Degrees40.46455000, -74.00078333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 27.873', W 74° 0.047'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 27' 52.38" N, 74° 0' 2.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)732
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 401 Hudson Rd, Highlands NJ 07732, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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