Lincoln's Friends and Foes

Lincoln's Friends and Foes (HMG2O)

Location: Clinton, IL 61727 De Witt County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 9.127', W 88° 57.637'

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— Looking for Lincoln —

Top Section
This satirical February 1863 editorial illustration, titled "The Copperhead Party, " depicts three Copperheads advancing on Columbia. Copperheads were Southern sympathizers who saw themselves as "Peace Democrats," opposed to Lincoln and the forced preservation of the Union. Many Copperheads resided in DeWitt County, which is not surprising, considering so many DeWitt County settlers had deep Southern roots.

Middle Section
Not everyone in DeWitt County personally befriended or politically supported Lincoln. DeWitt County was home to numerous Copperheads. In March 1863, a disgruntled group met at Eads Schoolhouse in Barnett Township. It was written, "The meeting was composed of some seventy opposition and ten or twelve true and law abiding citizens. Thus you see the matter was carried on like a jug handle - - all on one side."

The Lincoln antagonists compiled a long list of strongly worded anti-Lincoln, anti-war, anti-Union resolutions. These were printed in ?The Clinton Public' newspaper. In retaliation, a group of Union supporters met at the Center Schoolhouse in Barnett Township and published their own set of pro-Union resolutions.

The enlisted men of the 107th Illinois Volunteer Regiment from DeWitt County learned of the Copperhead activity occurring back home. While encamped at Glasgow, Kentucky, the soldiers released their own resolutions for publication. In part they resolved, "That we will give our united and undivided support to the President in his efforts to crush and suppress this unholy rebellion."

Bottom Section
In 1860, Thomas Snell a wealthy and influential Clinton businessman and staunch Lincoln adversary, was a candidate for Illinois Lieutenant Governor on the pro-Southern Breckenridge ticket. After the election, however, and much to his friends' astonishment, Snell's political allegiances changed.

He was outraged by the attack on Fort Sumter, which proved a catalyst for the Civil War - - and Snell's newfound Unionist loyalties. In August of 1862, Snell raised the 107th Illinois Volunteer Regiment. He served as self-appointed Colonel a few months, but was so overzealous and disobedient he was placed under military arrest and faced court martial. Snell was granted a Presidential pardon by non other than his former political foe, Lincoln.
HM NumberHMG2O
Series This marker is part of the Illinois: Looking for Lincoln series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByFirst National Bank and Trust Co., and Lincoln Heritage of DeWitt County
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 12:06am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 333008 N 4446483
Decimal Degrees40.15211667, -88.96061667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 9.127', W 88° 57.637'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 9' 7.62" N, 88° 57' 38.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)217
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 401-433 S Side Square, Clinton IL 61727, US
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