Edinburg Mill

Edinburg Mill (HMGUW)

Location: Edinburg, VA 22824 Shenandoah County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 49.251', W 78° 34.091'

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Saved During "The Burning"

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

In 1850, George P. Grandstaff announced the opening of the large water-powered grist mill here nearly two years after construction began. This large facility competed with the Whissen Mill also on Stony Creek nearer the center of Edinburg. These two mills, together with the bridge across Stony Creek, were important components of this small Valley town.

During September 1864, Federal Gen. Philip H. Sheridan began "The Burning" - a campaign against the resources of the Shenandoah Valley and the ability of its residents to supply provisions for the main Confederate army then under siege at Petersburg. In a period of 13 days between September 27 and October 9, 1864, Sheridan's cavalry destroyed more than 1300 structures including mills, barns, furnaces, and tanneries deemed to be of value to the Confederate cause. They also destroyed or confiscated crops, livestock, food, and transportation equipment leaving parts of the Valley a barren wasteland.

Shortly after noon on October 7, the Grandstaff Mill was set ablaze despite the pleas of a crowd of horrified townspeople. There are at least two versions of how the mill was saved. Both tales state that Melvina Grandstaff, granddaughter of the owner, and her friend Nellie Koontz were part of a bucket brigade that quenched the flames. The Whissen mill also was saved because effective Confederate sniper fire from the hills behind it kept the Federals from crossing the creek for their assigned task.
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 15th, 2014 at 2:28pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 711118 N 4299705
Decimal Degrees38.82085000, -78.56818333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 49.251', W 78° 34.091'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 49' 15.06" N, 78° 34' 5.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 211-233 S Main St, Edinburg VA 22824, US
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