Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears (HMOQC)

Location: Chattanooga, TN 37402 Hamilton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 3.393', W 85° 18.6'

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Inscription
In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of Gen. Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). About 15,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in TN and AL until there removal. Roughly 3,000 were sent by boat down the Tennessee River and the rest were marched overland in the fall and winter of 1838-39. This forced removal under harsh conditions resulted in the deaths of about 4,000 Cherokees.

In late June 1838 a party of 1,070 poorly equipped Indians was marched overland from Ross' Landing at Chattanooga, TN, to Waterloo, AL because of low water in the upper Tennessee River. Following the general route of present-day U.S. Hwy. 72, they camped at Bolivar, Bellefonte, and Woodville (Jackson County, AL). About 300 escaped along the way, and on June 26, the remainder refused to proceed from Bellefonte. The local militia, under the command of Army Capt. G.S. Drane, was called out to get the group started and escort it to Waterloo. Arriving in miserable condition on July 10, 1838, the Cherokees were placed on boats to continue their journey West.

The "Trail of Tears", which resulted from the Indian Removal Act passed by U.S. Congress in 1830, is one of the darkest chapters in American history.

This historical marker will forever mark the beginning of this "Trail of Tears".

Details
HM NumberHMOQC
Series This marker is part of the Trail of Tears series
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 7th, 2014 at 5:22am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 654116 N 3880620
Decimal Degrees35.05655000, -85.31000000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 3.393', W 85° 18.6'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 3' 23.58" N, 85° 18' 36.00" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423, 931
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 119 Riverfront Pkwy, Chattanooga TN 37402, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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