Former St. Johns County Jail

Former St. Johns County Jail (HMR9P)

Location: St Augustine, FL 32084 St Johns County
Buy Florida State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 29° 56.419', W 81° 20.178'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

ACCORD Freedom Trail

This building, designed by architect F. A. Hollingsworth, opened in 1953 as the St. Johns County Jail, replacing an earlier jail building on San Marco Avenue that subsequently became a tourist attraction. A decade later, this building played a prominent role in the civil rights movement, when hundreds of demonstrators were incarcerated here in 1963 and 1964. At one point, the president of the United States was told that if he wanted to keep an eye on the leaders of the civil rights movement, he should look at the St. Johns County Jail. Photographs of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. taken here have become some of the iconic pictures of that era.

The demonstrations in St. Augustine, under the leadership of Dr. Robert B. Hayling, led directly to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, one of the two great legislative accomplishments of the movement. Many famous people spent time in this building, including the St. Augustine Four (teenagers who spent six months in jail and reform school for sitting-in at a local lunch counter); Mrs. Mary Peabody, 72-year-old mother of the governor of Massachusetts; author Sarah Patton Boyle; and those who took part in the largest mass arrest of rabbis in American history. A veritable Who's Who of civil rights leaders including Dr. King, Rev. Ralph Abernathy, Hosea Williams, Rev. C. T. Vivian, Rev. Andrew Young, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth and others passed through these doors.

While many notable people came from outside to support the civil rights movement here, the largest number of those arrested were local residents—the "foot soldiers" of the movement—whom Dr. King hailed as "the heroes of St. Augustine." They displayed extraordinary courage in standing up against racial segregation, and their example helped to change America and inspire the world.
HM NumberHMR9P
Series This marker is part of the Martin Luther King, Jr. series
Year Placed2009
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 27th, 2014 at 6:19am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17R E 467545 N 3312219
Decimal Degrees29.94031667, -81.33630000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 56.419', W 81° 20.178'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 56' 25.14" N, 81° 20' 10.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)904
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4075 Lewis Speedway, St Augustine FL 32084, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?