Columbia Rosenwald School

Columbia Rosenwald School (HMV9U)

Location: West Columbia, TX 77486 Brazoria County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 8.593', W 95° 38.753'

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A grant from the Rosenwald Foundation of Chicago led to the establishment of a local school for African American students. The foundation represented a collaboration between Julius Rosewald, President of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, and the noted African American educator, Booker T. Washington, to fund similar schools throughout the south. This is one of the few remaining of the hundreds built in Texas.

The program began in 1917, and by the 1920s, there was a strong need for an African American school in East Columbia. County officials utilized the Rosenwald Grant, as well as local funds and contributions from the African American community, to establish schools in both East and West Columbia. The building at this site, which opened in East Columbia in 1921, served children whose school had previously been sharing space with a nearby church. The school's first teacher was Mrs. P.A. Franklin.

Columbia Rosenwald School included grades one through seven, adding an eighth grade by the 1940s. Also during the 1940s, the nearby Green Hill African American School consolidated with Columbia Rosenwald School. Students often attended classes after the fall harvest finished, though the school term had already begun. Subjects included spelling, arithmetic, reading, language, writing, drawing, geography, history and science.

Columbia Rosenwald School closed in 1949 after the West and East Columbia School Districts consolidated. The building here stands as an important reminder of early African American educational efforts in the area and as a symbol of the philanthropic activity that made it possible.

HM NumberHMV9U
Series This marker is part of the Rosenwald Schools series
Year Placed2007
Placed ByColumbia Historical Museum
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 12th, 2014 at 5:36pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 242598 N 3226748
Decimal Degrees29.14321667, -95.64588333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 8.593', W 95° 38.753'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 8' 35.58" N, 95° 38' 45.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)979
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 100-198 S Broad St, West Columbia TX 77486, US
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