Campaigning for the Presidency of the United States, Abraham Lincoln crossed the Missouri River from St. Joseph to Elwood, Kansas Territory, on December 1, 1859. From there, he was driven in a horse-drawn buggy to Leavenworth.
On December 3, 1859, he spoke in Stockton Hall, then occupying this site. This speech was his first major political address that led to his nomination and subsequent election as President of the United States. Here Lincoln first proclaimed the principles incorporated in his famous speech at Cooper Institute, New York the following February.
Lincoln left leavenworth, December 7, 1859 and returned to his home in Springfield, Illinois.