The Historic 1777 & 1779 TrailsYou are walking part of the 1777 historic trail that retraces as nearly as possible the routes taken by the British army during the Revolutionary War.
The 1777 trail represents the route taken by British General Sir Henry Clinton's forces on October 6, 1777. After landing 2,100 men at Stony Point, he marched north to capture Forts Clinton and Montgomery. At Doodletown the trail splits. The east branch of the trail follows the march of forces under Sir Henry Clinton and Major John Vaughn that captured Fort Clinton. The west branch follows the route of Lieutenant Colonel Mungo Campbell's forces which captured Fort Montgomery.
The 1779 trail traces the route taken by Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's Corps of Light Infantry in its assault on the British fortifications at Stony Point just after midnight on July 16, 1779. After a brief but fierce fight, Wayne's men captured Stony Point, achieving one of the Continental Army's most spectacular victories.
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Sir Henry Clinton by J. Stuart Rogers. To aid General Burgoyne's British army stalled at Saratoga, Sir Henry Clinton and a combined force of 3,000 soldiers sailed from New York City with a flotilla of warships. The successful destruction of Forts Montgomery and Clinton and the burning of New York's capital at Kingston delayed Clinton's men from coming to the aid of Burgoyne at Saratoga. Image courtesy of the National Army Museum, London
General Anthony Wayne by Edward Savage, 1795. Brigadier General "Mad" Anthony Wayne led the assault on the British fortifications at Stony Point just after midnight on July 16, 1779. In a bayonets-only assault lasting 30 minutes, Wayne's men overcame the British force at Stony Point. The success of this operation provided a boost to the morale of the Continental Army, and congress awarded Wayne a medal for the victory. Image courtesy of the New York Historical Society, New York City
Map of the 1777 and 1779 historic trails. Based on careful research, the modern trails follow the armies' original routes as closely as possible. The trails were cleared and blazed in time for the Bicentennial celebrations in 1976.
Plan of the Attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery by John Hills, 1784. This map shows the routes taken by the British forces on their attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery in 1777. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Maps Division