The Texas City Disaster

The Texas City Disaster (HMZND)

Location: Texas City, TX 77590 Galveston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 22.534', W 94° 54.268'

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On April 16, 1947, three ships—the "Grandcamp", the "High Flyer", and the "Wilson B. Keene"—were docked in the Texas City port. They were loaded with cargo, including ammonium nitrate fertilizer, bound for Europe to assist in the Post-World War II recovery effort. At 8:33 a. m. the Texas City fire department responded to a call for assistance with a fire on the "Grandcamp". As smoke billowed from the ship, spectators gathered to watch. The "Grandcamp" exploded at 9:12 a. m. with a tremendous force that was felt for miles around. A second explosion came at 1:10 a. m. on April 17, when the "High Flyer's" cargo caught fire, destroying the "Wilson B. Keene" as well.

More than 550 people, including 27 firemen, were killed; flying pieces of concrete, steel, and glass injured thousands more; resulting fires took days to extinguish. Response to the disaster came immediately, with the American Red Cross coordinating relief efforts.

Far-reaching effects of the Texas City disaster included the implementation of safety standards and revised emergency medical treatment procedures. Citizens determined to rebuild. By 1950 few physical reminders of the disaster remained, although the event retains a prominent place in state and national history.
Year Placed1990
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 24th, 2014 at 11:28am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 315161 N 3251103
Decimal Degrees29.37556667, -94.90446667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 22.534', W 94° 54.268'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 22' 32.04" N, 94° 54' 16.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 605 Texas 197 Spur, Texas City TX 77590, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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