Historical Marker Search

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historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20N3_simon-james-dawson_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
Born in Scotland, Dawson emigrated to Canada as a young man and began his career as a civil engineer. In 1857 as a member of a Canadian government expedition, he surveyed a line of road from the Lakehead to Fort Garry and in 1858-59 further explor…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20L3_william-mcgillivray_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
Born in Inverness-shire, Scotland, McGillivray joined the North West Company in 1784, became a partner in 1790 and its principal director in 1804. Fort Kaministiquia, the Company's wilderness headquarters, was renamed Fort William in his honour in…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20L2_fort-kaministiquia-1717_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
A small fort was established near here in 1717 by a French officer, Zacharie Robutel de la NouĂ«. First of a projected series of bases en route to the "Western Sea", it replaced a structure built in 1679 by Daniel Greysolon, Sieur Dulhut, on anoth…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20L1_the-capture-of-fort-william_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
In 1812, the Earl of Selkirk settled dispossessed Scottish highlanders on Red River valley lands granted by the Hudson's Bay Company. The HBC's rival in the fur trade, the North West Company, feared the new colony would block its trade and supplie…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20KY_fort-william_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
In aboriginal times the Kaministikwia river was an important link between the Great Lakes and the northwest, and from the late 17th century French posts here at its mouth served as bases for the penetration of the interior. Between 1804 and 1821 t…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20KX_fort-william_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
When the boundary settlement of 1783 placed its major inland depot, Grand Portage, in U.S. territory, the North West Company was forced to seek a new site on British soil. Following the reopening of the Kaministikwia route a new post, later named …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20KV_the-western-route-of-the-c-p-r_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
In June, 1875, the first sod on the Canadian Pacific Railway's line from the Lakehead to the West was turned at Fort William. A government contract of that year called for the building of a line northwest towards Lake Shebandowan. In 1882 the gove…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20IU_elizabeth-muriel-gregory-elsie-macgill_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
Elsie MacGill made remarkable contributions to aeronautical engineering by introducing mass-production techniques for the Hawker Hurricane built here during the Second World War and later by developing international air-worthiness regulations. Ove…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20IL_canadian-car-foundry_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
"Can Car" was the main plant of Canada's largest aircraft manufacturer during the Second World War. Here, workers built 1,451 of the reliable Hawker Hurricanes that won renown in the battle of Britain and 835 Curtiss Helldivers, significantly expa…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HM20F6_the-kaministikwia-route_Thunder-Bay-Ontario.html
This chain of rivers, lakes and portages linking the St. Lawrence system with the waterways of the prairies had been known to the Indians for centuries when Jacques de Noyon first travelled it in 1688. After 1800, when the boundary settlement had …
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