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Bernstadt, Kentucky, also known as Swiss Colony, was founded in 1881 by Swiss immigrants from Bern, Switzerland, through efforts of Paul Schenk.
The First Evangelical Protestant Church of Bernstadt was pastored by Rev. Melchior Denny. It was pl…
Founded 1881, this was Kentucky's largest foreign colony. Swiss farm crisis and high land prices caused mass emigration. Paul Schenk and Otto Bruner, agriculturists, and Karl Imobersteg, owner of large passage office, promoted venture. These Swiss…
The "Madison Branch" of Wilderness Road was last 18th century link from Cumberland Gap to central Kentucky. By legislative act of March 1, 1797, Joseph Crockett built new road from Milford, then seat of Madison Co., to intersect with imp…
Sue Bennett Memorial School, named for Madison Co. promoter, opened 1897 to educated mountain children. Funded by local people and the Methodists, school taught all grades. Commercial Dept. Opened 1901; county high school, 1910-33. Nor…
In 1826, the legislature granted land to Laurel and some other counties for educational purposes. Land sold; Seminary opened, 1858. Used for hospital in Civil War. Gov. W.S. Taylor called special session of legislature here, 1900. Common school, 1…
Daniel Boone's Trail
North Carolina to Kentucky
Site of Wood's Blockhouse 1793, one of the earliest permanent buildings in the wilderness. In May 1775, John Floyd and company, including Benjamin Logan, reached here and decided to use Skagg's Trace. They proceeded westward, camping at the site c…
Opened Kentucky and the west to rapid settlement and major development. First wagon road built by Kentucky, 1796 Crab Orchard to Cumberland Gap. A principal highway, maintained as a turnpike "toll road" for 80 years.
Congressmen Buried in London
Wm. H. Randall (1822-81), lawyer, co. clerk, judge, 8th dist. rep. in 38th and 39th Congresses, buried in family plot on East 1st Street. Vincent Boreing (1839-1903), newspaperman, 1st lt. Union army, sc…
Led by Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, 7,500 Confederates on October 21 1861, attacked the entrenched camp of 5,000 Union men under Gen. Albin Schoepf. Union's natural defense advantage in the Rockcastle Hills stopped the So…